A New York City Department of Health study evaluated the health benefits of active transportation. The results, summarized in Figure 2, indicate that people who commute by walking, cycling or public transit achieve about twice the total (transportation and recreational) exercise as automobile commuters, and so are much more likely to achieve public health targets of thirty or more daily minutes of moderate physical activity. This study can be a model for use in other communities interested in tracking physical fitness and health.
Saturday, January 11, 2020
Thursday, January 9, 2020
Although overall North Americans only walk about 6 daily minutes on average, public transit users spend a median of 19 daily minutes walking, which nearly achieves the target of 22 daily minutes of moderate physical activity (Besser and Dannenberg 2005; Weinstein and Schimek 2005). Using pedometers and surveys to track walking activity, Wener and Evans (2007) found that train commuters averaged 30% more walking, more frequently reported walking for 10 minutes or more, and were 4 times more likely to achieve the 10,000 daily steps recommended for fitness and health, than car commuters. Rundle, et al. (2007) found that New York City residents’ Body Mass Index (BMI) ratings tend to decline significantly with greater subway and bus stop density, higher population density, and more mixed land use in their neighborhood. Analysis of walking activity by Lachapelle, et al. (2011) found that public transit commuters average 5 to 10 more minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity, and walked more to services and destinations near home and near the workplace, than transit nonusers, regardless of neighborhood walkability.https://www.vtpi.org/tran_health.pdf
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
A policy instrument promoting a free fare public transport policy (FFPT) has recently been put into practice in 66 municipalities across Poland.
A third, and probably the most practical approach is found among the individual tools of urban planning and transportation strategies, whose aim is to make the transportation system more efficient by changing the current condition in a given area and set ting a new path for their development. From restrictive measures such as zero emission zones, tolls and parking charges, through designating pedestrian/bike zones and separate lines for public transport, to incentive measures such park & ride systems, an integrated public transport system or abolishing fares.
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Friday, November 29, 2019
Although the policy of abolishing fares in public transport—here referred to as “fare-free public transport” (FFPT)—exists in nearly 100 localities worldwide, it has not been thoroughly researched. To start filling this gap, I enhance the conceptual clarity about fare abolition...
...I offer the most comprehensive inventory of full FFPT programmes to date
...Supported and contested by diverse rationales, it cannot be analysed as transport instrument alone.https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11116-019-09986-6
Tuesday, October 22, 2019
First, the Environment set of goals represents the key reasons that initiated the creation of FFPT and they continue to be the main motivation for promoting this concept. Such a range of goals covers issues, which are closely tied to car-use externalities, for example, car accidents, traffic congestion, air and noise pollution, and the increasing dependency on cars. By abolishing fares, the municipalities are trying to encourage people, especially car drivers, to use public transport instead of cars (Storchmann, 2003; De Witte et al., 008; Zhou, Schweitzer, 2011; Cats et al., 2017).http://humangeographies.org.ro/articles/131/a_131_3_straub.pdf
Monday, October 7, 2019
Free urban transit is a growing trend. In 2016, there were no less than 107 entirely fare-free public transport networks around the world, including over 30 just in France (CGTPAG 2016; Keblowski 2016).https://www.metropolitiques.eu/Dunkirk-as-a-New-Laboratory-for-Free-Transit.html